How to Plant in a Planter Box: Tips and Tricks


Welcome to our ultimate guide on how to plant in planter box! Whether you’re new to gardening or an experienced green thumb, using planter boxes is a great way to add some greenery to your home, office, or backyard space. In this article, we will guide you through the steps of planting in a planter box, including choosing the right container, selecting the appropriate plants, and maintaining your planter box to ensure healthy growth. Let’s get started!


1. Choose the Right Planter Box

The first step to planting in a planter box is selecting the right container. Consider the space you have available, the kind of plants you want to grow, and the overall style of your home or yard. Look for planter boxes made of durable materials like wood, metal, or ceramic, and choose a size that will comfortably accommodate the plants you want to grow. It’s also a good idea to choose a box with drainage holes to ensure proper water flow.

2. Gather the Right Tools

Before you start planting, make sure you have all the tools you need on hand. This includes a trowel, gardening gloves, and a watering can. Depending on the size of your planter box, you may also need a shovel or garden fork.

3. Choose the Right Plants

When selecting plants for your planter box, consider the amount of sunlight and shade the area receives. Choose plants that are suitable for the light conditions and climate of your region. You can also mix and match different types of plants, such as flowers, herbs, and vegetables, for a more diverse planter box.

4. Prepare Your Planter Box

Before you start planting, prepare your planter box by adding potting soil. Fill the container to about 2 inches below the rim, leaving enough space for planting. You can also add fertilizer, compost, or peat moss to provide additional nutrients to your plants.

5. Harden Off Seedlings

If you are planting seedlings, it’s important to harden them off before planting them in your planter box. Harden off your seedlings by gradually exposing them to outdoor conditions, such as sunlight and wind, over the course of a few days.

6. Plant Your Seeds or Seedlings

Using your trowel, make holes in the soil for your seeds or seedlings. Place the seedlings in the holes and cover them with dirt. Be sure to space your plants out to allow for proper growth and access to sunlight. If you’re planting seeds, be sure to follow the instructions on the seed packet for proper planting depth and spacing.

7. Water Your Plants

After planting your seeds or seedlings, water them thoroughly. Be sure to keep the soil moist but not too wet, as overwatering can lead to root rot and other issues.

8. Mulch Your Planter Box

Applying mulch to your planter box can help retain moisture in the soil and keep your plants healthy. Add a layer of organic mulch, such as shredded bark or leaves, to the top of the soil.

9. Provide Proper Care

To ensure the health of your planter box, be sure to provide proper care. This includes regular watering, fertilizing, and pruning as needed. Keep an eye out for pests or diseases and address them promptly.

10. Harvest Your Plants

Depending on the types of plants you’ve planted, you may be able to harvest them for use in cooking, decorating, or other purposes. Be sure to follow proper harvesting techniques to keep your plants healthy and productive.

11. Store Your Planter Box

When the growing season is over, store your planter box in a dry, sheltered spot to protect it from the elements. If you live in a climate with harsh winters, consider bringing your planter box indoors or covering it with a tarp or burlap.

12. Repurpose Your Planter Box

Once the growing season is over, consider repurposing your planter box for other uses. You can use it as a decorative container for seasonal displays, or fill it with rocks and use it as a functional piece of outdoor furniture.

Explanations and Tips

1. Choose the Right Potting Soil

It’s important to choose the right potting soil for your planter box. Look for soil that is specifically designed for container gardening and contains a mix of organic matter, such as peat moss or compost, to provide essential nutrients to your plants.

2. Consider Drainage

Proper drainage is essential to the health of your plants. Choose a planter box with drainage holes or add your own if necessary. Elevating your planter box on bricks or blocks can also help improve drainage.

3. Mix Different Types of Plants

Mixing different types of plants in your planter box can create a beautiful and diverse display. Consider planting flowers, herbs, and vegetables together for a colorful and functional planter box.

4. Provide Proper Nutrition

Plants need an adequate supply of nutrients to grow and thrive. Be sure to fertilize your planter box regularly using a high-quality, all-purpose fertilizer.

5. Use Companion Planting

Companion planting involves planting different types of plants together in a mutually beneficial way. Consider planting herbs, such as basil or thyme, alongside vegetables to help repel pests and promote healthy growth.

6. Rotate Your Crops

Rotating crops in your planter box can help prevent soil-borne diseases and improve soil fertility. Consider planting different types of vegetables each year and rotating their location in your planter box.

7. Prune Your Plants

Pruning your plants can help promote healthy growth and prevent disease. Be sure to remove any dead or diseased branches or leaves, and trim back any overgrown or tangled sections of your plants.

8. Monitor Your Watering

Be sure to monitor your watering to avoid over- or under-watering your plants. Test the soil moisture with your finger or a moisture meter, and adjust your watering accordingly. Remember that plants need less water in cooler weather or during periods of rain.

We hope this guide has been helpful in teaching you how to plant in a planter box. With the right container, plants, and care, you can create a beautiful and thriving planter box in your home or yard. Happy planting!

Strengths & Weaknesses: How to Plant in Planter Box

Advantages of Planting in Planter Boxes

Planters boxes have become popular for planting because they offer various benefits that traditional gardening methods do not provide. Here are some of the advantages of planting in planter boxes:

Advantages Description
Space-saving Planter boxes are perfect for small apartments or homes; they offer limited space and provide an excellent way to grow plants without taking too much space.
Curb appeal Planters are a great way to decorate your outdoor space; they come in different colors, sizes, and shapes that can enhance the beauty of your balcony, terrace, or backyard.
Easy maintenance Planter boxes are easy to maintain because they are small and portable; you can move them around, water and fertilize them without much effort.
Controllable soil quality Planter boxes allow you to choose the type of soil that best suits your plant’s needs; you can easily adjust the pH level, add organic matter or minerals to provide the right nutrient levels for your plant.

Disadvantages of Planting in Planter Boxes

However, there are also some disadvantages to planting in planter boxes, which should be noted before making a decision. Here are some of the disadvantages:

Disadvantages Description
Restricted root growth Planter boxes limit the root growth of the plant, which can negatively impact the plant’s height, size, and overall health.
Limited plant size Planter boxes are small and can only hold limited soil, which limits the size of the plant you can grow.
Watering requirements Planter boxes require regular watering as they tend to dry out faster. They require precise watering schedules; too little or too much water can harm the plant.
Prone to pests and diseases Planting in planter boxes can make your plants vulnerable to pests and diseases as the soil does not have the same biodiversity compared to an open garden.


Before planting in a planter box, it’s important to consider the strengths and weaknesses of this method. While it has several advantages, there are also some disadvantages to keep in mind. With proper care and attention, planting in planter boxes can be a great way to grow your plants, while also saving space and beautifying your outdoor space.


1. What type of planter box is suitable for planting vegetables?

Choose a planter box that can accommodate the size of the vegetable plant’s root system and has a depth of at least 10 inches. Use planter boxes made of durable and non-toxic materials such as cedar, redwood, or food-grade plastic.

2. What is the best soil to use in a planter box?

Use a high-quality potting mix designed for container gardening. Avoid using soil from your garden as it is often too heavy and may contain pests or disease organisms.

3. How often should I water my plants in a planter box?

Water your plants when the soil begins to feel dry to the touch. The frequency of watering depends on the type of plant, its size, and the temperature and humidity of your environment.

4. Can I use fertilizer in a planter box?

Yes, you can use a slow-release organic fertilizer to provide nutrients for your plants throughout the growing season. Follow the instructions on the fertilizer packaging for the recommended application rate.

5. How do I prevent pests from damaging my plants in a planter box?

Keep your planter box clean and remove any dead or decaying plant material. Use organic pest control methods such as companion planting, sticky traps, or neem oil spray.

6. How can I ensure my plants receive enough sunlight in a planter box?

Place your planter box in a sunny location that receives at least six hours of direct sunlight per day. If sunlight is limited, choose plants that thrive in shade or use a grow light.

7. Can I plant multiple types of plants in one planter box?

Yes, you can plant multiple types of plants in one planter box as long as they have similar watering and sunlight requirements. Choose plants that complement each other and provide visual interest.

8. How deep should I plant my seedlings in a planter box?

Plant seedlings at a depth that matches their original soil level. Avoid burying them too deep as it may prevent proper growth and development.

9. Can I transplant plants from my garden to a planter box?

Yes, you can transplant plants from your garden to a planter box as long as they are not too large for the box. Gently remove the plant from the soil and place it in the planter box, making sure to water it thoroughly.

10. How do I know when to harvest my vegetables in a planter box?

Refer to the seed packet or plant tag for the recommended days to maturity. Vegetables ready for harvest typically have a mature color, firm texture, and are easy to pull or cut from the plant.

11. How do I prepare my planter box for winter?

Clean your planter box and remove any dead plant material. Store the box in a dry location or cover it with a waterproof tarp to protect it from snow and ice.

12. Can I reuse the soil in my planter box for the next growing season?

Yes, you can reuse the soil in your planter box for the next growing season. However, it is advisable to refresh the soil by adding fresh compost or fertilizer to provide additional nutrients.

13. How can I make my planter box more attractive?

Decorate your planter box by using colorful plants, adding decorative stones or mulch, or painting the box with a bold color or design to match your outdoor décor.


In conclusion, planting in planter boxes is an excellent way to enjoy a garden even when you have limited space. Planter boxes come in different sizes, materials, and shapes, which makes it possible for you to create a small garden on your porch, deck or balcony. Planting in planter boxes might seem overwhelming at first, but with proper planning and preparation, you can create beautiful and thriving plants. Remember to choose the right plants for your area, provide adequate drainage, and add a suitable potting mix. When you start to see the beautiful blooms of your plants, you will be glad that you learned how to plant in planter boxes.

Furthermore, planting in planter boxes can be a sustainable way to grow your food if you are limited by space or soil quality. With an increasing interest in urban agriculture, planting vegetables, and herbs in planter boxes can offer fresh, healthy produce for you and your family. You can also save money, reduce waste, and promote a healthier lifestyle by growing your food from either seeds or seedlings. Regardless of your reasons, planting in planter boxes can enhance your environment and provide numerous benefits for your well-being. Be creative, experiment with different plants, and remember to take a moment to enjoy the beauty of your garden.